What Tax Incentives Exist for UK Landlords of Energy-Efficient Properties?

As a landlord in the UK, you’re probably very aware of the increasing pressure from the government to improve the energy efficiency of your rental properties. It’s not just about helping the environment – it can also make homes more attractive to tenants and can even give you access to various tax incentives. But what exactly are these incentives, and how can you benefit from them? In this guide, we’ll cover the key tax schemes and grants that encourage landlords to make energy-efficient improvements to their properties.

The Government’s Push for Energy Efficiency

For the UK government, encouraging energy efficiency in homes is a significant priority. This is reflected in a variety of schemes and regulations aimed at landlords and property owners, essentially incentivising them to improve the energy performance of their properties. The government recognises that landlords have a unique opportunity to make a substantial impact on the overall energy use of the UK, given the number of properties they control.

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The primary tool for measuring a property’s energy performance is the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC). An EPC tells you how energy efficient a property is on a scale of A-G. It’s a legal requirement for landlords to provide an EPC to prospective tenants or buyers, and properties must meet a minimum EPC rating of ‘E’ for them to be rented out.

Landlord’s Energy Saving Allowance (LESA)

One of the main tax incentives for landlords to improve their property’s energy efficiency is the Landlord’s Energy Saving Allowance (LESA). This scheme, introduced by the UK government, allows landlords to claim tax relief on energy-saving improvements made to their rental properties.

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Here’s how it works: you can claim up to £1,500 per property, per year, for the cost of purchasing and installing certain energy-saving items. These include loft insulation, cavity wall insulation, solid wall insulation, floor insulation, draught-proofing, and hot water system insulation. The allowance is deducted from your taxable profits, which can significantly reduce your tax bill.

To claim LESA, you must complete a tax return and show evidence of your expenditure. It’s important to remember that this allowance can only be claimed for properties that you rent out – it cannot be used for properties where you live.

Green Homes Grant

The Green Homes Grant is another government scheme created to encourage landlords and homeowners to make their properties more energy efficient. Launched in 2020, the scheme provides vouchers to cover two-thirds of the cost of energy-saving improvements, up to a maximum of £5,000.

Under this scheme, you can apply for a voucher to use towards the cost of installing energy-saving measures like insulation, low-energy lighting, and renewable energy systems such as solar panels or wind turbines. The aim is to help reduce carbon emissions and energy bills for homes across the UK.

To be eligible for the Green Homes Grant, your property must have an EPC rating of ‘E’ or better. The improvements must also be completed by a TrustMark-registered installer, ensuring that the work is done to a high standard.

Enhanced Capital Allowances (ECAs)

Enhanced Capital Allowances (ECAs) are another tool that the government uses to incentivise energy efficiency. With an ECA, landlords can claim 100% first-year capital allowances on their expenditure on certain energy-saving or water-efficient equipment.

This means that if you invest in qualifying energy-saving equipment for your rental property, you can deduct the full cost from your profits before tax in the year of purchase. This can significantly reduce your tax bill and provide a cash flow boost.

It’s important to note that the equipment must meet certain energy-saving criteria to qualify for ECAs. The list of qualifying technologies is reviewed each year to ensure it reflects current standards.

The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI)

The Renewable Heat Incentive (RHI) is a government scheme that provides financial support to landlords who install renewable heat technologies in their properties. The scheme pays landlords a quarterly tariff for each unit of renewable heat produced by their property for a period of seven years.

Eligible technologies include biomass boilers, solar water heating, and certain types of heat pumps. Not only can these technologies reduce your property’s carbon footprint, but they can also offer significant cost savings for your tenants.

In conclusion, the UK government offers a variety of tax incentives and grants to encourage landlords to improve the energy efficiency of their properties. From LESA and the Green Homes Grant to ECAs and the RHI, there are several ways you can reduce your tax bill while also making your properties more attractive to potential tenants. However, the rules around these incentives can be complex, so it’s worth seeking professional advice to ensure you’re making the most of the opportunities available.

Feed-in Tariffs (FiTs)

Utilising renewable energy sources can also have financial benefits for landlords, thanks to the Feed-in Tariffs (FiTs) scheme. This programme aims to promote the use of small-scale renewable and low-carbon electricity generation technologies. So, if your properties include energy sources like solar panels or wind turbines, you could be eligible to benefit from FiTs.

In essence, the FiTs scheme pays you a set rate for the electricity that these technologies generate, even if you use it yourself. Any excess electricity that you don’t use can be sold back to the National Grid, providing an additional income stream. The exact payment rates vary depending on the type and size of the technology, but they’re generally quite generous to encourage investment in renewable energy.

However, it’s important to know that to qualify for FiTs, the installed technology must have been installed by a Microgeneration Certification Scheme (MCS) accredited engineer. You’ll also need an Energy Performance Certificate (EPC) rating of D or higher for your property to be eligible. Remember, a higher EPC rating can make your rental property more attractive to prospective tenants looking to save on their energy bills.

The Home Energy Conservation Act (HECA)

Another factor that landlords should consider is the Home Energy Conservation Act (HECA) of 1995. This legislation requires local authorities in England and Wales to develop and implement strategies to improve the energy efficiency of residential accommodation in their areas. This includes all privately rented properties.

While the HECA doesn’t provide direct incentives or grants, it does mean that local authorities are increasingly offering their schemes to help landlords make energy-efficient improvements. These can range from offers of discounted or free insulation, to grants and loans for larger projects. Landlords are frequently targeted by these schemes as they have the capacity to improve the energy efficiency of multiple properties simultaneously.

It’s advisable to keep an eye on local authority websites or get in touch directly to see what help may be available. These schemes can often complement the national incentives, making energy efficiency improvements even more affordable.


Taking proactive steps to improve the energy efficiency of your rental properties is not only beneficial for the environment but can also offer a range of financial advantages. The government provides numerous tax incentives and schemes, including the Landlord’s Energy Saving Allowance, Green Homes Grant, Enhanced Capital Allowances, Renewable Heat Incentive, and Feed-in Tariffs. Plus, under the Home Energy Conservation Act, you may also find additional support from your local authority.

However, navigating these incentives can be tricky due to specific eligibility criteria and varying benefits. Therefore, it’s advisable to seek professional advice to ensure you’re utilising the right schemes for your properties. In doing so, you’re not only contributing to a more sustainable future, but also enhancing your rental property’s appeal to prospective tenants and potentially strengthening your bottom line.

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